Surgery pp 1535-1549 | Cite as

Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery

  • Matthew J. Schuchert
  • James D. Luketich
  • Hiran C. Fernando


Minimally invasive techniques have revolutionized the surgical approach to diseases of the lungs and esophagus. Nearly every major thoracic operation has been performed utilizing video-assisted techniques. Although preliminary outcomes data do appear encouraging for some of the more common procedures such as lobectomy, sympathectomy, and thoracic esophagectomy, the majority of such data are derived from individual experiences or institutional series with short- to intermediate-term follow-up. There is a relative paucity of prospective controlled studies that validate long-term efficacy of minimally invasive approaches to diseases of the thoracic cavity. In this chapter, we review the minimally invasive approaches of lobectomy for lung cancer as well as staging and resection for esophageal cancer utilizing an evidence-based analysis. Emphasis is placed on long-term results, complications, and cost-effectiveness.


Esophageal Cancer Laparoscopic Staging Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy Invasive Staging Positron Emission Tomogra 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew J. Schuchert
    • 1
  • James D. Luketich
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hiran C. Fernando
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Division of Thoracic and Foregut SurgeryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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