Surgery pp 1337-1357 | Cite as

Cerebrovascular Disease

  • Peter L. Faries
  • Sheela T. Patel
  • K. Craig Kent


Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 500,000 people develop new strokes each year, making stroke the leading cause of neurological disability. Survivors of stroke account for $29 billion annually in healthcare costs and lost productivity. Despite this enormous clinical problem, during the past 50 years there has been tremendous progress in reducing mortality from stroke. This success in part is related to the evolution of the surgical treatment of extracranial cerebrovascular disease. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the primary treatment used, and the frequency with which this procedure is performed has steadily increased since the early 1990s. Currently, CEA is the most commonly performed peripheral vascular operation in the United States. In this chapter, the anatomy, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of cerebrovascular disease are reviewed.


Carotid Artery Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Internal Carotid Artery Vertebral Artery Carotid Endarterectomy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter L. Faries
    • 1
  • Sheela T. Patel
    • 2
  • K. Craig Kent
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Departments of Endovascular Surgery and SurgeryCornell University, Weill Cornell Medical College, Columbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Weill Cornell Medical CollegeColumbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Combined Columbia and Cornell Division of Vascular SurgeryNew York-Presbyterian HospitalNew York
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryColumbia University College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew York
  5. 5.Department of SurgeryWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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