Surgery pp 649-696 | Cite as

Pediatric Surgery

  • Russell K. Woo
  • Craig T. Albanese


The care of surgical diseases in children has long been recognized as a unique field of medicine. The first credited textbook of pediatric surgery was published in 1563 by the Swiss surgeon Felix Wurtz.1 This was later followed in the 1860s by pediatric surgical texts published by Forster of England and Guersant of France2,3 In the United States, the first textbook of pediatric surgery was published by Kelly in 1909.4 Today, following the footsteps of these early developments, the field of pediatric surgery has grown significantly in both scientific understanding and clinical expertise. Advances in prenatal evaluation, neonatal care, diagnostic techniques, anesthesia, and clinical management have enhanced the care of the pediatric surgical patient.5 Compared to adult patients, infants and children possess their own distinct physiological characteristics that must govern their care. In addition, the disease processes that afflict these patients are clearly distinct from the common disorders of adulthood. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of pediatric surgery, focusing on the unique physiological characteristics of children that govern their preoperative and postoperative management, as well as reviewing the current issues in the diagnosis and management of the major pediatric surgical diseases.


Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Biliary Atresia Choledochal Cyst Esophageal Atresia Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russell K. Woo
    • 1
  • Craig T. Albanese
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryStanford University Medical CenterStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryStanford University Medical CenterStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric Surgery and Director of Surgical ServicesLucile Packard Children’s HospitalStanfordUSA

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