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Surgery pp 631-645 | Cite as

Principles of Surgical Rehabilitation

  • Michael W. O’Dell
  • Tammy Noren

Abstract

Rehabilitation is the branch of medicine that addresses the maximization of human performance. Because rehabilitation interventions differ widely among various clinical settings, the definition of “performance” might be as sophisticated as the speed of an elite athlete following a musculoskeletal injury or as basic as bed mobility in a patient with catastrophic brain or spinal cord injury. However, interventions in both settings focus on improving performance at some level. Performance activities required to move more effectively in the environment or to care for one’s self are termed “functional activities,” or function. Maximization of function is the primary endpoint in nearly all rehabilitation in a surgical setting. Advances in surgical and medical care during the past decades have substantially decreased mortality from many types of illness and injury. These achievements magnify the importance of rehabilitation professionals in the initial mobilization of surgical patients in the hospital and management of residual functional deficits after discharge.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Spinal Cord Injury Heterotopic Ossification Cardiac Rehabilitation Pulmonary Rehabilitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael W. O’Dell
    • 1
  • Tammy Noren
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York-Presbyterian HospitalWeill Cornell Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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