Surgery pp 2305-2315 | Cite as

Biomaterials and the Evolution of Hernia Repair II: Composite Meshes

  • Raul A. Cortes
  • Edward Miranda
  • Hanmin Lee
  • Michael E. Gertner


The term composite is used in a number of different ways in the literature and, depending on the background of the author, the definition is interpreted differently. In its broadest and simplest meaning, it refers to a structure composed of two or more different materials, independent of the manufacturing method. Methods used to combine materials vary from simple techniques such as sutured or glued meshes to more complex processing such as thermopressing and vapor deposition. Central to all these techniques is a desire to obtain favorable properties and minimize negative characteristics of respective components.


Hernia Repair Incisional Hernia Inguinal Hernia Repair Polypropylene Mesh Adhesion Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul A. Cortes
    • 1
  • Edward Miranda
    • 2
  • Hanmin Lee
    • 3
  • Michael E. Gertner
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryCalifornia-Pacific Medical CenterSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, Pediatrics, and OB-Gyn and Reproductive ServicesUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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