Surgery pp 2233-2261 | Cite as

Orthopaedic Surgery

  • David W. Lowenberg
  • Andrew Fang


The field of orthopedic surgery involves caring for patients with injuries and afflictions to the musculoskeletal system. It involves treating the widest array of anatomic structures of any surgical subspecialty and requires a detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the muscles, bones, and vital structures of both the extremities and axial skeleton. The field is also unique as a surgical subspecialty in that nonoperative treatment often represents the preferred method of care for many musculoskeletal conditions. In fact, one would dare say that the majority of musculoskeletal afflictions are at least initially treated with nonoperative intervention. This statement means that the astute physician must often be as knowledgeable in medical management as surgical technique.


Radial Head Intramedullary Nailing Shaft Fracture Distal Radius Fracture Humeral Shaft 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Lowenberg
    • 1
  • Andrew Fang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryCalifornia Pacific Medical CenterSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of OrthopedicsSouth San Francisco Medical CenterSan FranciscoUSA

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