Surgery pp 3-19 | Cite as

Origins of Modern Surgery

  • Ira M. Rutkow


It remains a rhetorical question whether an understanding of surgical history is important to the maturation and continued education and training of a surgeon. Conversely, it is hardly necessary to dwell on the heuristic value that an appreciation of history provides in developing adjunctive humanistic, literary, and philosophical tastes. Clearly, medicine is a lifelong learning process that should be an enjoyable and rewarding experience. For a surgeon, the study of surgical history contributes greatly toward making this learning process more pleasurable and is invigorating. To trace the evolution of what one does on a daily basis and to understand it from a historical perspective are enviable goals. It reality, there is no way to separate present-day surgery and one’s own practice from the experiences of all the surgeons in all the preceding years.


Royal College Surgical Education Modern Surgery Corrosive Sublimate American Surgeon 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ira M. Rutkow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseyNewarkUSA

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