Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: Outcomes
The first laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) was placed in 1993 (1), an event that heralded the widespread introduction of laparoscopic obesity surgery. The LAGB has become rapidly and widely accepted by bariatric surgeons and patients seeking surgical treatment for obesity. With more than 10 years of experience and more than 150,000 band placements, we are now in a good position to assess its safety and efficacy. There is now a wealth of largely observational data regarding the results of LAGB surgery. This chapter reviews the broad outcomes of LAGB surgery, with an emphasis on important outcome data that have changed techniques or expanded our knowledge regarding the treatment of severe obesity [body mass index (BMI) >35). The assessment of outcomes addresses weight loss, changes to obesity-related comorbidities, effects on quality of life and psychosocial changes, and deaths and complications.
KeywordsObstructive Sleep Apnea Morbid Obesity Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding Excess Weight Loss Vertical Band Gastroplasty
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