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The Basis for Regulation of Radiation Exposure

The development of radiation protection standards has occurred rather gradually over the last century. Lauriston Taylor1 has defined ten time periods in the development of radiation protection standards that characterize changes in thinking. We look at the development of these standards within the context of his time framework.

Keywords

International Atomic Energy Agency Radiation Protection Radioactive Material Nuclear Regulatory Commission Special Nuclear Material 
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Endnotes

  1. 1.
    L. S. Taylor, Organization for Radiation Protection: The Operations of the ICRP and NCRP, 1928-1974 (Office of Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 1974).Google Scholar
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    National Academy of Sciences. Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR V. Committee to Assess Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1990.Google Scholar
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    National Academy of Sciences. Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: BEIR VII Phase 2. Committee to Assess Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 2006.Google Scholar
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    USEPA. History of radiation protection in the United States and current regulations. USEPA, in Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (Chapter 2, June 2001) EPA 402-R-01-005.Google Scholar
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    Federal Radiation Council, Radiation Protection Guidance for Federal Agencies, Federal Register, 25 FR 4402-4403 (May 18, 1960).Google Scholar
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    Atomic Energy Act, Public Law 83-703, as amended, 42 USC 2011 et seq. (1954).Google Scholar
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    The White House, President R. Nixon, Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1970, Federal Register, 35 FR 15623-15626 (October 6, 1970).Google Scholar
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    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Radiation Protection Stan-dards for Nuclear Power Operations, 40 CFR Part 190, Federal Register, 42 FR 2858-2861 (January 13, 1977).Google Scholar
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    National Environmental Policy Act of 1970, Public Law 91-190 (January 1, 1970).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 U.S.C. s/s 300f et seq., (1974).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Interim Primary Drinking Water Regulations, EPA 570/9-76-003 (1976).Google Scholar
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    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Emission Standards for Haz-ardous Air Pollutants, ANPRM, Federal Register, 44 FR 46738 (December 27, 1979).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, Public Law 97-425 (January 7, 1983).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2003

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