Diagnostic imaging is frequently performed in the evaluation of adolescent sports-related injuries. Imaging often helps determine the nature and severity of injuries and is important for deciding appropriate management. There are several diagnostic imaging techniques available for examining the musculoskeletal system. An understanding of the principles, advantages, and disadvantages of these techniques and their clinical application in adolescent patients is important for optimal imaging evaluation.
KeywordsMagnetic Resonance Imaging Growth Plate Disc Herniation Slip Capital Femoral Epiphysis Intracranial Injury
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Bushberg JT, Seibert JA, Leidholdt EM, Boone JM. The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 2002.Google Scholar
- 3.Brenner DJ, Elliston CD, Hall EJ, Berdon WE. Estimated risk of radiation-induced fatal cancer from pediatric CT. Am J Roentgenol 2001;176:289–296.Google Scholar
- 6.Middleton WD, Kurtz AB. Ultrasound: The Requisites. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2003.Google Scholar
- 9.Turner BG, Rhea JT, Thrall JH, Small AB, Novelline RA. Trends in the use of CT and radiography in the evaluation of facial trauma, 1992–2002: Implications for Current Costs. Am J Roentgenol 2004;183:751–754.Google Scholar
- 10.Keenan HT, Hollingshead MC, Chung CJ, Ziglar MK. Using CT of the cervical spine for early evaluation of pediatric patients with head trauma. Am J Roentgenol 2001;177:1405–1409.Google Scholar
- 12.Sivit CJ, Eichelberger MR, Taylor GA. CT in children with rupture of the bowel caused by blunt trauma: diagnostic efficacy and comparison with hypoperfusion complex. Am J Roentgenol 1994;163:1195–1198.Google Scholar
- 14.Salter R, Harris W. Injuries involving the epiphyseal plate. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1963;45:587–622.Google Scholar
- 17.Oeppen RS, Connolly SA, Bencardino JT, Jaramillo D. Acute injury of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone: a common but unrecognized lesion in the immature knee. Am J Roentgenol 2004;182:111–117.Google Scholar
- 25.Peterson HA. Physeal and apophyseal injuries. In: Rockwood J, Wilkins KE, Beaty JH, eds. Fractures in Children. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1996:103–165.Google Scholar
- 26.Ecklund K, Jaramillo D. Patterns of premature physeal arrest: MR imaging of 111 children. Am J Roentgenol. 2002;178:967–972.Google Scholar
- 27.Disler DG. Fat-suppressed three-dimensional spoiled gradient-recalled MR imaging: Assessment of articular and physeal hyaline cartilage. Am J Roentgenol 1997;169:1117–1124.Google Scholar