The Incompressibility Method
The incompressibility of random objects yields a simple but powerful proof technique. The incompressibility method is a general-purpose tool and should be compared with the pigeonhole principle or the probabilistic method. Whereas the older methods generally show the existence of an object with the required properties, the incompressibility argument shows that almost all objects have the required property. This follows immediately from the fact that the argument is typically used on a Kolmogorov random object. Since such objects are effectively indistinguishable, the proof holds for all such objects. Each class of objects has an abundance of objects that are Kolmogorov random in it.