Pioneers of destiny: The suborbital dog flights
If you had visited Moscow’s Institute of Aviation Medicine (IAM) in the summer of 1950, you might have been surprised to hear the clamour of dogs, to see them trotting about in pressure suits, and being spun in centrifuges. A cluster of small, light-furred dogs had taken up residence in that post-war summer, when the Institute was just beginning to turn its focus from the physiology of airplane to rocket flight. In the years following the Second World War, the major research thrust of the IAM was on the biological problems associated with flight.
KeywordsNose Cone Rocket Launch Guide Missile Rocket Flight Aviation Medicine
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Roads to Space, An Oral History of the Soviet Space Program, compiled by the Russian Scientific Research Center for Space Documentation, translated by Peter Berlin, edited by John Rhea. Aviation Week Group, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995.Google Scholar
- O.G. Gazenko and S. Georgiyevskiy, “Preparation of the Animal Prior to the Experiment,” pp. 353–359, in N.M. Sisakyan (ed.), Problems of Space Biology, Vol. 1, NASA, Center for Aerospace Information. Russian title: Problemy Kosmicheskoy Biologii, USSR Academy Publishing House, Moscow, 1962.Google Scholar
- Vladimir Gubarev, “Academic O. Gazenko: Wind of Cosmic Travels,” Nauka I Zhizn, No. 7, 2001, pp. 30–37 [in Russian]. Russian title: “Akademik O. Gazenko: Vyeter Kozmicheskikh Stranstviy.” Google Scholar
- Valerie Sharov, “For Me, Man’s Exit Into Outer Space Was No Miracle,” New Times (Russia), March 2005.Google Scholar
- Evgeny Riabchikov, Russians in Space, edited by Colonel General Nikolai P. Kamanin, translated by Guy Daniels. Doubleday, Garden City, NY, 1971.Google Scholar
- M.A. Gerd and N.N. Gurovskiy, The First Astronauts and the First Scouts of Outer Space, Translation Services Branch, Foreign Technology Division Wright-Patterson-AFB, Ohio. 1963. Russian title: Pervyye Kosmonavty I Pervyye Razvedchiki Kosmosa, Akademiya Nauk, SSSR, Izdatel’stvo Akademii Nauk, Moskva, 1962.Google Scholar
- V.I. Yazdovskiy, On the Trail of the Universe: Collection of Cosmic Biology and Medicine in the Exploration of Space, Firma Slova, Moscow, 1996 [in Russian]. Russian title: Na Tropakh Vselenniy: Vklad Kosmicheskiy Biologii I Meditsini v Osvoenye Kozmicheskovo Prostranstva.Google Scholar
- Asif Siddiqi, “‘There it is!’ An Account of the First Dogs-in-Space Program.” Quest, The History of Spaceflight Magazine, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 38–42.Google Scholar
- “Soviet Space Medicine, Session Two,” transcript of Smithsonian Videohistory Program, interview with Oleg Gazenko, Abraham Genin and Evgenii Shepelev. Cathleen S. Lewis, interviewer, 28 November 1989.Google Scholar
- Asif A. Siddiqi, Challenge to Apollo: The Soviet Union and the Space Race, 1945–1974, NASA, Washington, D.C., 2000.Google Scholar
- A.V. Pokrovskii, “Vital Activity of Animals during Rocket Flights into the Upper Atmosphere,” in F. J. Krieger (ed.), Behind the Sputniks: A Survey of Soviet Space Science, Public Affairs Press, Washington, D.C., 1958. Originally presented as a report to the International Congress on Guided Missiles and Rockets, Paris, 3–8 December 1956.Google Scholar
- George E. Wukelic (ed.), Handbook of Soviet Space Science Research. Gordon & Breach, New York, 1968.Google Scholar