Wakeup Strategies in Wireless Sensor Networks
Low-power operation has been recognized as being one of the crucial design requirements in sensor networks. Often these networks will be deployed in environments where no external source of electrical power is available, such as in outdoor environmental monitoring applications or battlefield scenarios. Even in indoor scenarios, such as machine or structural health monitoring, it is often prohibitive to attach power cables to each sensor node, especially if the network spans tens or even hundreds of devices. In addition, many sensor network applications require the devices to be unobtrusive, possibly even implantable, or deployable without extensive infrastructure support. Because of all of these reasons, sensor nodes should operate as self-contained entities, powered by sources such as batteries, fuel cells or scavenged energy. Since all of these energy sources are fundamentally limited by the small device form factor, energy-effecient design is imperative to ensure a suffeciently long operational lifetime of the network.
KeywordsSensor Network Sensor Node Wireless Sensor Network Medium Access Control Medium Access Control Protocol
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