Review of the Hydraulics of Nonrotating, Homogeneous Flow

  • Larry J. Pratt
  • John A. Whitehead
Part of the Atmospheric And Oceanographic Sciences Library book series (ATSL, volume 36)


Hydraulic behavior is closely related to wave propagation tendencies. This does not imply that waves need to be present; indeed, most ‘textbook’ examples are based on steady flow. Rather, hydraulic behavior in a steady flow is related to the routing of information, potentially carried by waves through the fluid domain. Analyses of steady flows that appear throughout this book are often preceded or accompanied by discussions of linear and nonlinear waves. Linear wave dynamics are important in understanding the structure of steady flows and of regions of influence. Nonlinear wave dynamics are essential in the formation of hydraulic jumps and bores, and can be important in the establishment of hydraulically controlled steady states as the result of evolution from simple initial conditions. Some of our students skip through the material on waves and proceed directly to the discussions of steady flows; we encourage you to resist this temptation.


Froude Number Rarefaction Wave Shallow Water Equation Critical Section Volume Transport 
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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physical Oceanography DepartmentWoods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionWoods HoleUSA

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