Fundamentals of Electromigration

  • King-Ning Tu
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 117)


An ordinary household extension cord conducts electricity without electromigration in the cord because the electric current density in the cord is low, about 102 A/cm2, and also the ambient temperature is too low for atomic diffusion to occur in copper.


Solder Joint Critical Length Void Formation Solder Bump Back Stress 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • King-Ning Tu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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