• King-Ning Tu
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 117)


When an inhomogeneous binary solid solution or alloy is annealed at constant temperature and constant pressure, it will become homogeneous. On the contrary, when a homogeneous binary alloy is annealed at atmospheric pressure but under a temperature gradient, i.e., one end of it is hotter than the other end, the opposite will happen and the alloy will become inhomogeneous.


Solder Joint Entropy Production Joule Heating Solder Bump Cold Side 
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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • King-Ning Tu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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