Electronic learning contract for the assessment of projects in information systems

  • R. C. W. Kwok
  • J. Ma
Part of the IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing book series (IFIPAICT)


Assessment of students’ learning is a crucial factor that will influence students’ approaches to learning. This study investigates the effects of using electronic learning contracts on students’ approaches to learning. An Electronic Learning Contract (ELC) is a continuously renegotiable working agreement between students and lecturers for assessing the outcomes of students projects. It focuses on group decision making through electronic meetings towards the learning outcomes. It specifies what students will learn, how this will be accomplished, within what period of time, and what the criteria of assessment will be. A Group Support System (GSS) is used to provide an environment for electronic meeting and to assist the processes for discussing, negotiating, formulating, re-negotiating and revising the content of the ELC among students and lecturers. Students’ participation in the construction of the electronic learning contract will enhance their perception of assessment criteria. It will generate the backwash effects of assessment on learning, and thus encourage deep and achieving approaches to learning.


Higher education Assessment learning contract group support system 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. C. W. Kwok
    • 1
  • J. Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information SystemsCity University of Hong KongKowloonHong Kong

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