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Primates and Other Prey in the Seasonally Variable Diet of Cryptoprocta ferox in the Dry Deciduous Forest of Western Madagascar

  • Luke Dollar
  • Jörg U. Ganzhorn
  • Steven M. Goodman
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

The puma-like Cryptoprocta ferox is the largest living Carnivora on Madagascar (Goodman et al., 2003). Cryptoprocta has been a taxonomic enigma until recently (cf. Veron & Catzeflis, 1993; Veron, 1995), showing numerous convergent morphological characters with members of the Felidae. Some of these attributes, such as semi-retractable claws used in both climbing and hunting, contributed to the long-running uncertainty as to the phylogenetic relationships of this animal. Recent molecular studies indicate that Cryptoprocta is part of a radiation of Carnivora endemic to Madagascar, which unites all of the native species on the island into a single clade (Yoder et al., 2003), now recognized as the endemic family Eupleridae (Wozencraft, in press). On the basis of molecular data this radiation of Carnivora is slightly younger than that of lemurs, but the two groups have co-existed on Madagascar for something on the order of 20 million years (Yoder et al., 2003). Until the Holocene a second member of Cryptoprocta occurred on the island that was notably larger than the living species (Goodman et al., 2004).

Keywords

Prey Item Scat Sample Lemur Species Prey Composition Solitary Forager 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luke Dollar
    • 1
  • Jörg U. Ganzhorn
    • 2
  • Steven M. Goodman
  1. 1.Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, Department of EcologyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Abt. Tierökologie und NaturschutzBiozentrum GrindelHamburgGermany

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