Reconstructing Hominin Interactions with Mammalian Carnivores (6.0–1.8 Ma)

  • Adrian Treves
  • Paul Palmqvist
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)


Several hominin genera evolved to use savanna and woodland habitats across Pliocene Africa. This radiation into novel niches for apes occurred despite a daunting array of carnivores (Mammalia, Carnivora) between 6.0 and 1.8 Ma (Figure 17.1). Many of these carnivores would have preyed on hominins if given the opportunity. In this paper we ask what the behavioral adaptations were that permitted hominins to survive and spread, despite this potentially higher risk of predation in ancient Africa.


Modern Human Large Carnivore Wild Chimpanzee Party Size Mammalian Carnivore 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrian Treves
    • 1
  • Paul Palmqvist
    • 2
  1. 1.Conservation International Center for Applied Biodiversity ScienceMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Departamento de Geología y Ecología (Área de Paleontología)Facultad de Ciencias Universidad de MálagaMálagaSpain

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