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Howler Monkeys and Harpy Eagles: A Communication Arms Race

  • Ricardo Gil-da-Costa
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

Predation is considered by many researchers to be a selective pressure and strong evolutionary driving force in natural ecosystems. Predation phenomena are dynamic interactions that by definition need more than one agent: at least one predator and one prey. The interaction gets exponentially more complicated when we consider multiple agents and different strategies. These predator-prey interactions can be viewed as evolutionary arms races. There have been numerous studies on prey adaptations (Blumstein et al., 2000; Hauser & Caffrey, 1994; Marler et al., 1992; Endler, 1991; Cheney & Seyfarth, 1990; Hauser & Wrangham, 1990; Ryan et al., 1982), but few report both detailed adaptive responses to predation and ways predators can improve their killing efficiency (Berger et al., 2001). This lack of knowledge is even more striking for predation upon primates (Shultz et al., 2004; Gil-da-Costa et al., 2003; Zuberbühler, 2000a; Zuberbühler et al., 1999).

Keywords

Alarm Call Howler Monkey Bald Eagle Barro Colorado Island Playback Stimulus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Gil-da-Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Brain and CognitionNational Institute of HealthBethesdaUSA

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