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Lactic Acid Bacteria

Chapter

Abstract

Lactic acid bacteria comprise an ecologically diverse group of microorganisms united by formation of lactic acid as the primary metabolite of sugar metabolism (Davis et al., 1985b; 1988; Lonvaud-Funel, 1999; Carr et al., 2002; Liu, 2002). These bacteria utilize sugars by either homo- or heterofermentative pathways (Section 2.4.1) as well as l-malic acid, a major acid present in grape must (Section 2.4.3). Whereas growth of some bacteria in certain wines is desirable (i.e., malolactic fermentation or MLF), growth of other species can lead to spoilage.

Keywords

Lactic Acid Lactic Acid Bacterium Acetyl Phosphate Malolactic Fermentation Thiamine Pyrophosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

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