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Sarcomas

  • Giovanni Tallini
  • Pei Hui
Chapter
  • 1.6k Downloads

Abstract

Oncologic molecular pathology focuses on identifying and understanding molecular and genetic alterations underlying the development and progression of neoplastic processes. Mesenchymal malignancies may be classified into two pathogenetic types: sarcomas with complex genetic alterations and sarcomas with specific recurrent chromosomal translocations. The first type includes the majority of high-grade, pleomorphic mesenchymal malignancies that are characterized by complex chromosomal abnormalities, for example, malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), osteogenic sarcoma, and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. In the second type, the sarcomas are translocation specific, that is, harboring a recurrent chromosomal translocation leading to an in-frame fusion of coding sequences from each of the two rearranged genes. The translocation results in the production of a chimeric transcript encoding a fusion protein with oncogenic activity. Histologically, the translocation-specific sarcomas are generally a monomorphic proliferation of neoplastic cells. This pathogenetic classification appears biologically relevant and is best illustrated by the sarcoma types observed in Li-Fraumeni syndrome and therapy-related malignancies.

Keywords

Synovial Sarcoma Soft Tissue Tumor Fusion Transcript Clear Cell Sarcoma Myxoid Liposarcoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Tallini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pei Hui
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Attending PathologistBologna University School of MedicineBologna
  2. 2.Diagnostic Molecular Pathology LaboratoryOspedale BellariaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory, Department of PathologyYale University Schnool of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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