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Simulation is defined as a means of seeing how a model of a real system will respond to changes in its structure, environment, or underlying assumptions.1 The value of a model simulation is that it allows exploration of proposed changes in a real, operating system without having to bear the risk and costs of change until the optimal system has been identified and tested. For the purpose of this chapter a system is defined as a combination of elements that interact to accomplish a specific objective. The two types of systems are manufacturing systems such as large production facilities, small jobs shops, machining cells, assembly lines, and so on and service systems such as healthcare facilities, amusement parks, restaurants, and banks.
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- 1.Harrell CR, Bateman RE, Gogg TJ, Mott JRA. System Improvement Using Simulation, p. 1. Promodel Corporation, Salt Lake City, Utah, 4th edGoogle Scholar