Initial Assessment: Physical Examination and Imaging Studies

  • Jeff C. BrandJr
  • Darren L. Johnson


Generally considered rare, from 0.001 to 0.013% per year at various institutions, the multiple ligament injured knee may be more common than we in the orthopaedic community appreciate.1–8 A spectrum exists between the high velocity knee dislocation and the low velocity (bicruciate injuries) or sports-related multiple ligament injured knee. The multiple ligament injured knee can be missed, particularly by primary care physicians who increasingly provide care to this patient population.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Cruciate Ligament Posterior Cruciate Ligament Medial Collateral Ligament Lateral Meniscus 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeff C. BrandJr
  • Darren L. Johnson

There are no affiliations available

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