Arthroscopic Treatment of Multidirectional Instability: Thermal Technique

  • James P. Bradley
  • Jon K. Sekiya
  • Bernard C. Ong
  • Kenneth R. Thompson


Multidirectional instability of the shoulder can be a difficult management problem. It usually presents in adolescents and young adults with hyperlaxity of several joints. Initial management of multidirectional instability is directed at a supervised exercise program consisting of rotator cuff, deltoid, and periscapular strengthening exercises. While conservative therapy is the mainstay of treatment and often successful, a subset of patients fails to improve, and surgical intervention is necessary to effectively restore shoulder stability.


Axillary Nerve Adhesive Capsulitis Glenohumeral Ligament Posterior Portal Inferior Glenohumeral Ligament 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • James P. Bradley
  • Jon K. Sekiya
  • Bernard C. Ong
  • Kenneth R. Thompson

There are no affiliations available

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