Genetics is the study of heredity and variation among organisms. The initial breakthroughs in genetics came with observations made by Darwin and Mendel in the nineteenth century, and mathematical methods played important roles in bringing us to our present-day understanding of genetics. Work in the first half of the twentieth century by J.B.S. Haldane, S. Wright, R.A. Fisher, and others put this important area of biology on a firm mathematical basis that helped in the design and interpretation of experiments. Many think that genetics still represents the outstanding application of mathematics in the life sciences.
KeywordsSickle Cell Disease Gene Pool Markov Chain Model Reproduction Time Haploid Cell
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