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Cantilever-Based Gas Sensing

Chapter

Introduction to Microcantilever-Based Sensing

Early Approaches to Mechanical Sensing

Male individuals of certain animal species like the large domestic silk moth Bombyx mori, who is the adult of the silk-thread-producing silkworm, are able to detect pheromones emitted by the female over several miles by means of their antennas. Such high sensitivity is achieved by evolution-driven optimization of chemical detection aimed for the survival of a species. A single pheromone molecule already triggers perception. However, a change of behavior only occurs at higher concentration. Highly specific receptors for certain chemical compounds are often based on the geometrical conformation of the target molecule, supported by chemical affinities and binding between specific functional groups. The adsorption process is frequently related to local conformational changes, which are of mechanical nature. Thin membranes and beams also possess mechanical properties that render them suitable for detection...

Keywords

Volatile Organic Compound Surface Acoustic Wave Quartz Crystal Microbalance Position Sensitive Detector Cantilever Deflection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

I thank R. McKendry (University College London, London, U.K.), M. Hegner, W. Grange, Th. Braun (CRANN Dublin), Ch. Gerber, J. Zhang, A. Bietsch, V. Barwich, M. Ghatkesar, F. Huber, N. Backmann, G. Yoshikawa, J.-P. Ramseyer, A. Tonin, H.R. Hidber, E. Meyer, and H.-J. Güntherodt (University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland) for valuable contributions and discussions, as well as U. Drechsler, M. Despont, H. Schmid, E. Delamarche, H. Wolf, R. Stutz, R. Allenspach, and P.F. Seidler (IBM Research, Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon, Switzerland). I also thank the European Union FP 6 Network of Excellence FRONTIERS for support. This project is funded partially by the National Center of Competence in Research in Nanoscience (Basel, Switzerland), the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Commission for Technology and Innovation (Bern, Switzerland).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Center of Competence for Research in Nanoscale ScienceInstitute of Physics of the University of Basel4056 BaselSwitzerland

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