Mars invaded

Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


Encouraged by their success with probes to investigate Halley’s comet, in the mid- 1980s Japanese scientists at ISAS started to plan their second step in solar system exploration. In addition to technological missions that would eventually lead to the Hayabusa asteroid sample-return, they also desired science-oriented missions such as orbiters to study the atmospheres of Venus and Mars. Although Venus would be easier to reach, and a spinning orbiter based on the successful Halley probes was designed, it was decided that Mars was a more worthy scientific target. Go-ahead for this Planet-B mission was authorised by the government in the early 1990s and detailed work started in 1992. Venus exploration was left to the Planet-C mission that was launched in 2010. Planet-A had been the Suisei probe sent to Halley’s comet.


Landing Site Solar Panel Dust Devil Heat Shield Mars Global Surveyor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ToulouseFrance
  2. 2.GlasgowUK

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