Advertisement

Illustrative Psychological Data and Hypotheses for Bayesian Inequality Constrained Analysis of Variance

  • Paul A. BoelenEmail author
  • Herbert Hoijtink
Part of the Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences book series (SSBS)

Abstract

In this chapter, three datasets from existing psychological research programs will be introduced that allow for an investigation of differences between groups on a single outcome variable. The first dataset was gathered to study amnesia in people with Dissociative Identity Disorder. The second dataset was originally generated to study emotional reactivity and emotional regulation in children subjected to different kinds of social evaluation by peers. The third dataset was obtained from research on coping with loss that, among other purposes, was used to study gender differences in coping. These three datasets will be used in subsequent chapters to illustrate Bayesian inequality constrained analysis of variance.

Keywords

Emotional Reactivity Depressed Mood Feedback Condition Recognition Score Complicated Grief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. Text Revision). Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association (2000)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Barlow, D.H.: Anxiety and its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic (2nd ed). New York, Guilford Press (2002)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Beck, A.T., Rush, A.J., Shaw, B.F., Emery, G.: Cognitive Therapy of Depression. New York, Guilford Press (1979)Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Bierhals, A.J., Prigerson, H.G., Fasiczka, A., Frank, E., Miller, M., Reynolds III, C.: Gender differences in complicated grief among the elderly. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 32, 303–317 (1996)Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Boelen, P.A., Bout, J. van den: Gender differences in traumatic grief symptom severity after the loss of a spouse. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying, 46, 183–198 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Boelen, P.A., Bout, J. van den: Complicated grief, depression, and anxiety as distinct post-loss syndromes: A confirmatory factor analysis study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 2175–2177 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Boelen, P.A., Keijser, J. de, Bout, J. van den: Psychometrische eigenschappen van de Rouw VragenLijst (RVL) [Psychometric properties of the Inventory of Traumatic Grief]. Gedrag & Gezondheid, 29, 172–185 (2001)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Bowlby, J.: Attachment and Loss: Volume 3, Loss: Sadness and Depression. New York, Basic Books (1980)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Breslau, N., Davis, G.C., Andreski, P., Peterson, E.L., Schultz, L.R.: Sex differences in posttraumatic stress disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 54, 1044–1048 (1997)Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Chen, J.H., Bierhals, A.J., Prigerson, H.G., Kasl, S.V., Mazure, C.M., Jacobs, S.: Gender differences in the effects of bereavement-related psychological distress in health outcomes. Psychological Medicine, 29, 367–380 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Coie, J.D.: Toward a theory of peer rejection. In: Asher, S.R., Coie, J.D. (eds) Peer Rejection in Childhood (pp. 365–401). New York, Cambridge University Press (1990)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Dayton, C.M.: Information criteria for pair wise comparisons. Psychological Methods, 8, 61–71 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Dodge, K.A., Lansford, J.E., Salzer Burks, V., Bates, J.E., Pettit, G.S., Fontaine, R., Price J.M.: Peer rejection and social information-processing factors in the development of aggressive behavior problems in children. Child Development, 74, 374–393 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Gill, J.: Bayesian Methods. A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach. London, Chapman & Hall (2002)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Gladstone, T.R.G., Kaslow, N.J.: Depression and attributions in children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23, 597–606 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Huntjens, R.J.C.: Apparent Amnesia. Interidentity Memory Functioning in Dissociative Identity Disorder. Ph.D. thesis, Utrecht University (2003)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Huntjens, R.J.C., Peters, M.L., Woertman, L., Bovenschen, L.M., Martin, R.C., Postma, A.: Inter-identity amnesia in dissociative identity disorder: A simulated memory impairment? Psychological Medicine, 36, 857–863 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Kendler K.S., Kuhn J.W., Prescott C.A.: The interrelationship of neuroticism, sex, and stressful life events in the prediction of episodes of major depression. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 631–636 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Kovacs, M.: Rating scales to assess depression in school-aged children. Acta Paedo Psychiatra, 46, 305–315 (1981)Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Lilienfeld, S.O., Lynn, S.J.: Dissociative identity disorder: Multiple personality, multiple controversies. In: Lilienfeld, S.O., Lohr, J.M., Lynn, S.J. (eds) Science and Pseudoscience in Clinical Psychology. New York, Guilford Press (2003)Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    Nolan, S.A., Flynn, C., Garber, J.: Prospective relations between rejection and depression in young adolescents. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 745–755 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Nolen-Hoeksema, S.: Sex Differences in Depression. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press (1990)Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Prigerson, H.G., Jacobs, S.C.: Traumatic grief as a distinct disorder: A rationale, consensus criteria, and a preliminary empirical test. In: Stroebe, M.S., Hansson, R.O., Stroebe, W., Schut, H.A.W. (eds) Handbook of Bereavement Research. Consequences, Coping, and Care (pp. 613–647). Washington, DC, American Psychological Association Press (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Prigerson H.G., Vanderwerker L.C., Maciejewski P.K.: Prolonged grief disorder as a mental disorder: Inclusion in DSM. In Stroebe, M.S., Hansson, R.O., Stroebe, W., Schut, H.A.W. (eds) Handbook of Bereavement Research and Practice: 21st Century Perspectives. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association Press (in press)Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Rando, T.A.: Treatment of Complicated Mourning. Champaign, IL, Research Press (1993)Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Reijntjes, A.: Emotion-Regulation and Depression in Pre-adolescent Children. Ph.D. thesis, Free University Amsterdam (2004).Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Reijntjes, A., Dekovic, M., Vermande, M., Telch, M.: The role of depressive symptoms in early adolescents online emotional responding to a peer evaluation challenge. Depression and Anxiety (in press)Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Rosenberg, E.L.: Levels of analysis and the organization of affect. Review of General Psychology, 2, 247–270 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Rottenberg, J.: Mood and emotion in major depression. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14:3, 167–170 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Rottenberg, J., Gotlib, I.H.: Socioemotional functioning in depression. In: Power, M. (ed) Mood Disorders: A Handbook of Science and Practice (pp. 61–77). New York, Wiley (2004)Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    Rottenberg, J., Gross, J. J., Gotlib, I. H.: Emotional context insensitivity in major depressive disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114, 627–639 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. [32]
    Rutherford, A.: Introducing ANOVA and ANCOVA, a GLM Approach. London, Sage (2001)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Shear, M. K., Feske, U., Greeno, C.: Gender differences in anxiety disorders: Clinical implications. In: Frank, E. (ed) Gender and its Effects on Psychopathology (pp. 151–165). Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing (2000)Google Scholar
  34. [34]
    Sigmon, S.T., Pells, J.J., Boulard, N.E., Whitcomb-Smith, S., Edenfield, T.M., Hermann, B.A., LaMattina, S.M., Schartel, J.G., Kubik, E.: Gender differences in self-reports of depression: The response bias hypothesis revisited. Sex Roles, 53, 401–411 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. [35]
    Stroebe, W., Schut, H.: Risk factors in bereavement outcome: A methodological and empirical review. In: Stroebe, M.S., Hansson, R.O., Stroebe, W., Schut, H. (eds) Handbook of Bereavement Research. Consequences, Coping, and Care (pp. 349–372). Washington, DC, American Psychological Association Press (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Tolin, D., Foa, E.B.: Sex differences in posttraumatic stress disorder: A quantitative review of 25 years of researcher. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 959–992 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. [37]
    Toothaker, L.E.: Multiple Comparison Procedures. London, Sage (1993)Google Scholar
  38. [38]
    Watson, D., Clark, L.A., Tellegen, A.: Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063–1070 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Wechsler, D.: Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised. San Antonio, TX, The Psychological Corporation (1987)Google Scholar
  40. [40]
    Widiger, T.A., Clark, L.A.: Toward DSM-V and the classification of psychopathology. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 946–963 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Wijngaards-de Meij, L., Stroebe, M., Schut, H., Stroebe, W., Bout, J. van den, Heijden, P. van der, Dijkstra, I.C.: Couples at risk following the death of their child: Predictors of grief versus depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 617–623 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Methodology and StatisticsUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations