The Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs is among the oldest ministries in Denmark. It can trace its history as an independent administrative unit back to 1770 when it was created by a separation from the so-called German chancellery.1 The new ministry was assigned the task of cultivating Denmark’s external relations, except those with Germany. It was a child of the Danish absolutist state. In 1995, the ministry celebrated its 225th anniversary.2 With such a long history, terms like ‘change’ and ‘adaptation’ are by no means foreign to the vocabulary of the ministry. Diplomats can claim that ‘we have tried it before’ or that change has been among the few constants in the long history of the ministry. However, this point of departure does not make it irrelevant to inquire into change and adaptation in the post-war period.


Prime Minister Foreign Policy Administrative Unit Foreign Affair Sector Ministry 
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Official reports and books

  1. Betainkning afgivet af Udenrigsministeriets Strukturudvalg af 1966 (Copenhagen: Udenrigsministeriet 1968)Google Scholar
  2. Betænkning om tilrettelceggelse og udvidelse af Danmarks bistand til udviklingslandene. Afgivet af det af Regeringen den 13. januar 1961 nedsatte udvalg; Betænkning nr. 280, 1961Google Scholar
  3. Betœnkning om Danmarks Samarbejde med Udviklingslandene. Afgivet af det of Regeringen den 2. april nedsatte udvalg; Betænkning nr. 565, Copenhagen, 1970Google Scholar
  4. Danida-undersOgelsen. Del rapport 1–5 og saininen fatning (Copenhagen: Administrations-departementet, 1986)Google Scholar
  5. Nye grcenser. Den danske udenrigstjeneste 1970–95 (Copenhagen: Udenrigsministeriet, 1995)Google Scholar
  6. Rapport fra Arbejdsgruppen vedrørende Udenrigsministeriets Struktur, incl. bilag; Rapport fra Finansministeriets turnusgennemgang (Copenhagen: Administrationsdepartementet, 1979)Google Scholar
  7. Rapport fra arbejdsgruppen til undersøgelse af Danida, Copenhagen, May 1981.Google Scholar
  8. Rapport vedrørende udenrigstjenesten, Forvaltningsnævnets Sekretariat, 1963.Google Scholar
  9. Udenrigstjenesten mod år 2000. Betænkning nr. 1209, Udenrigskommissionen af 1. april 1989, Vols. 1–2 (Copenhagen: Statens Informationstjeneste, 1990)Google Scholar
  10. Internet website:

Books and articles

  1. Brun, Hans Henrik ‘Rutinens magt? Analyse af apparatet i dansk udenrigspolitik’, in Synsmåder i studiet af dansk udenrigspolitik (Copenhagen: Samfundsvidenskabeligt Forlag, 1975)Google Scholar
  2. Buus, Axel, Axel ‘Udenrigstjenesten under forandring’, Dansk Udentigspolitisk Årbog 1984 (Copenhagen: DJØF, 1985)Google Scholar
  3. Christensen, Jens Peter ‘Sandhed med modifikation’, Administrativ Debat, December 1993, pp. 1–4Google Scholar
  4. Christensen, Jørgen Grønnegård ‘Da centralorganisationen blev international’, in Niels Amstrup and Ib Faurby (eds), Studier i dansk udenrigspolitik — tilegnet Erling Bial (Aarhus: Politica, 1978)Google Scholar
  5. Christensen, Jørgen Grønnegård ‘Blurring the International-Domestic Politics Distinction: Danish Representation at EC Negotiations’, Scandinavian Political Studies, 4 (3): 1981, pp. 191–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Christensen, Jørgen Grønnegård ‘Adapting Danish Central Administration to Membership of the European Communities’, paper presented at the OECD conference ‘Adapting Public Administration for Participation in Supranational Bodies’, Alcalà de Henares, Madrid, July 1–3 1981, Aarhus, Institute of Political Science, University of AarhusGoogle Scholar
  7. Christensen, Jørgen Grønnegård, ‘Udenrigsministeriets reorganisering’, Dansk Udenrigspolitisk Årbog 1991 (Copenhagen: DJØF, 1992)Google Scholar
  8. Christensen, Jørgen Grønnegård ‘Interpreting Administrative Change: Bureaucratic Self-Interest and Institutional Inheritance in Government’, paper prepared for presentation at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, August 31-September 3, 1995Google Scholar
  9. von Dosenrode, Søren ‘Den optimale minimalløsning: Danmarks administrative tilpasning til EF’, Nordisk Administrativt Tidsskrift, 74 (4): 1993, pp. 454–65Google Scholar
  10. Fischer, Paul and Svenningsen, Niels Den danske Udenrigstjeneste 1770–1990 (Copenhagen: 1995)Google Scholar
  11. Heurlin, Bertel ‘Denmark: a new activism in foreign and security policy’, in Christopher Hill (ed.), The Actors in Europe’s Foreign Policy (London: Routledge, 1996)Google Scholar
  12. Holterman, Henrik Danish Foreign policy. Literature in Languages other than Danish 1979–86 (Copenhagen: DJØF Publishing, 1988)Google Scholar
  13. Karvonen, Lauri and Sundelius, Bengt Internationalisation and Foreign Policy Management (Aldershot: Gower, 1987)Google Scholar
  14. Kjølsen, Klaus ‘The Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs’, in Zara Steiner (ed.), The Times Survey of Foreign Ministries of the World (London: Times Books, 1982)Google Scholar
  15. Kjølsen, Klaus Det Diplomatiske Fag. Den danske Udenrigstjenestes Forvaltning, 1700–1770 (Odense: Odense Universitetsforlag, 1991)Google Scholar
  16. Laursen, Johnny (forthcoming) Denmark, Europe and the Market: The Making of Denmark’s European Policy 1954–1963Google Scholar
  17. Møller, Jøirgen Ørstrom ‘Danish EC Decision Making: An Insider’s View’, Journal of Common Market Studies, 21 (3): 1982, pp. 245–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nedergaard, Peter Organiseringen of Den Europœiske Union (Copenhagen: Handelshøjskolens Forlag, 1993)Google Scholar
  19. Sørensen, Carsten L. and Christensen, Jørgen Grønnegård Fra formandskab til formandskab (Århus: Politica, 1978)Google Scholar
  20. Tonra, Ben ‘The Impact of Political Cooperation’, in Knud Erik Jørgensen (ed.), Reflective Approaches to European Governance, (London and New York: Macmillan/ St. Martin’s Press — now Palgrave Macmillan, 1997)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Knud Erik Jørgensen

There are no affiliations available

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