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Abstract

Until the Second World War, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs had a relatively weak position within the Dutch political system. In the second half of the nineteenth century, especially in liberal and commercial circles, foreign affairs was even considered an irrelevant luxury. The First World War changed these opinions, and under the dynamic Foreign Minister H. A. van Karnebeek (1918–27), the position of the Ministry was strengthened, especially through the acquisition of the responsibility for foreign economic relations. In the 1930s, however, the status of the Foreign Ministry declined again. The liberal-minded Ministry lost its control over policy making in the field of foreign economic relations to the Ministry of Economic Affairs, a result of growing state interventionism and bilateralism in the world economy. In the 1930s, the Prime Minister, the strong-minded former Shell director H. Colijn, regularly interfered in foreign policy.

Keywords

Prime Minister Foreign Policy European Integration Foreign Affair Economic Affair 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Duco Hellema

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