Advertisement

Abstract

As distinctively sociological approaches to the study of childhood were debated and the novel field of childhood studies began to emerge in the 1980s and 1990s, generation was identified early on as a key concept for establishing this new manner of thinking in the social sciences. Jens Qvortrup (1985, 1987) was one of the first to argue the case; he wrote that in industrial society the concept of generation has acquired a broader meaning than in earlier societal formations as ‘children’ and ‘adults’ have now assumed structural attributes relative to each other. It was therefore useful, he wrote, to treat ‘childhood’ and ‘adulthood’ as structural elements in an interactive relation and childhood as a particular social status (Qvortrup, 1987, 19).

Keywords

Welfare State Generational Order Generational Category Social World Social Category 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alanen, L. (1992) Modern Childhood? Exploring the ‘Child Question’ in Sociology. Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä.Google Scholar
  2. Alanen, L. (1994) ‘Gender and Generation: Feminism and the “Child Question”’, in Qvortrup et al. (1994), pp. 27–42.Google Scholar
  3. Alanen, L. (2000) ‘Childhood as Generational Condition: Towards a Relational Theory of Childhood’, in Research in Childhood: Sociology, Culture & History. Odense: University of Southern Denmark, pp. 11–29.Google Scholar
  4. Alanen, L. (2001) ‘Childhood as a Generational Condition: Children’s Daily lives in a Central Finland Town’, in L. Alanen, and B. Mayall (eds) Conceptualizing Child-adult Relations. London: Falmer Press, pp. 129–143.Google Scholar
  5. Arber, S. (ed.) (2000) The Myth of Generational Conflict: The Family and State in Ageing Societies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Ariès, P. (1962) Centuries of Childhood. A Social History of Family Life. London: Jonathan Cape.Google Scholar
  7. Becker, R. (ed.) (1997) Generationen und sozialer Wandel. Generationsdynamik, Generationenbeziehungen und Differenzierung von Generationen. Opladen: Leske & Budrich.Google Scholar
  8. Blatterer, H. (2007a) ‘Contemporary Adulthood. Reconceptualizing an Uncontested Category’, Current Sociology, 55(6): 771–792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blatterer, H. (2007b) ‘Adulthood: The Contemporary Redefinition of a Social Category’, Sociological Research Online, 12(4) http://www.socresonline.org.uk/12/4/3.html.
  10. Blitzer, S. (1991) ‘“They Are Only Children, What Do They Know?” a Look at Current Ideologies of Childhood’, in S.E. Cahill (ed.) Sociological Studies of Child Development, 4. Greenwich, London: JAI Press, pp. 11–25.Google Scholar
  11. Brownlie, J. and S. Anderson, (2006) ‘“Beyond Anti-smacking”. Rethinking Parent-Child Relations’, Childhood, 13(4): 479–498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bühler-Niederberger, D. (2005) Kindheit und die Ordnung der Verhältnisse. Weinheim, Basel: Juventa.Google Scholar
  13. Connell, R.E. (1987) Gender & Power. Society, the Person and Sexual Politics. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  14. Cook-Gumperz, J. (1991) ‘Children’s Construction of “Childness”’, in B. Scales, M.C. Almy, A. Nicolopoulou, and S. Ervin-Tripp (eds) Play and the Social Context of Development in Early Care and Education. New York: Teachers College Press, pp. 207–218.Google Scholar
  15. Corsten, M. (1999) ‘The Time of Generations’, Time & Society, 8(2): 249–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Crompton, R. (1998) Class and Stratification. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  17. Edmunds, J. and Turner, B. (2002) Generations, Culture and Society. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Eisenstadt, S.N. (1956) From Generation to Generation. Age Groups and Social Structure. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  19. Ferree, M.M., J. Lorber, and B.B. Hess (eds) (2000) Revisioning Gender. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  20. Fitz, J. and J. Hood-Williams (1982) ‘The Generation Game: Playing by the Rules’, in D. Robbins (ed.), Rethinking Social Inequality. Aldershot: Gower, pp. 65–95.Google Scholar
  21. Giele, J.Z. and G.H. Elder (1998) Methods of Life Course Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
  22. Goode, D.A. (1986) ‘Kids, Culture and Innocents’, Human Studies, 9(1): 83–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hareven, T. (1999) Families, History and Social Change: Life Course and Cross-cultural Perspectives. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  24. Hengst, H. (2000) ‘Die Arbeit der Kinder und der Umbau der Arbeitsgesellschaft’, in H. Hengst and H. Zeiher (eds), Die Arbeit der Kinder. Kindsheitskonzept und Arbeitsteilung zwischen den Generationen. Weinheim, Basel: Juventa, pp. 71–97.Google Scholar
  25. Hockey, J. and A. James (1993) Growing Up and Growing Old. Ageing and Dependency in the Life Course. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  26. Hood-Williams, J. (1990) ‘Patriarchy for Children: On the Stability of Power Relations in Children’s Lives’, in L. Chisholm, P. Büchner, H. -H. Krüger, and P. Brown (eds), Childhood, Youth and Social Change. London: Falmer, 155–171.Google Scholar
  27. Honig, M.-S. (1996) ‘Wem gehört das Kind? Kindheit als generationale Ordnung.’, in E. Liebau and C. Wulf (eds), Generation. Versuche über eine pädagogisch-anthropologische Grundbedingung. Weinheim: Deutscher Studien Verlag, pp. 201–221,Google Scholar
  28. Honig, M.-S. (1999) Entwurf einer Theorie der Kindhe it. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  29. Jenks, C. (1982) ‘Introduction’, in C. Jenks (ed.) The Sociology of Childhood. Essential Readings. London: Batsford Academic and Educational Ltd., pp. 9–24.Google Scholar
  30. Joffe, C. (1973) ‘Taking Young Children Seriously’, in N.K. Denzin (ed.) Children and Their Caretakers. New Brunswick: Transaction Books, pp. 101–116.Google Scholar
  31. Kohli, M. (1986) ‘Social Organization and Subjective Construction of the Life Course’, in A. Sorensen, F.E. Weinert and L.R. Sherrod (eds) Human Development and the Life Course: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp. 271–291.Google Scholar
  32. Liebau, E. and C. Wulf (eds) (1996) Generation. Versuche über eine pädagogisch-anthropologische Grundbedingung. Weinheim: Deutscher Studien Verlag.Google Scholar
  33. Mannheim, K. (1952 [1928]) The problem of generations. Essays in the Sociology of Knowledge. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  34. Mannion, G. and J. L’Anson (2004) ‘Beyond the Disneyesque. Children’s Participation, Spatiality and Adult-child Relations’, Childhood, 11(3): 303–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Marshall, B.L. (1994) Engendering Modernity. Feminism, Social Theory and Social Change. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  36. Matthes, J. (1985) ‘Karl Mannheims “Das Problem der Generationen”, neu gelesen.’ Zeitschrift fü Soziologie, 14(5): 363–372.Google Scholar
  37. Mayall, B. (1996) Children, Health and the Social Order. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Mayall, B. (2000) ‘Conversations with Children. Working with Generational Issues’, in P. Christensen and A. James (eds), Research with Children: Perspectives and Practices. London: Falmer Press, pp. 120–135,Google Scholar
  39. Mayall, B. (2002) Towards a Sociology for Childhood. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  40. McCall, L. (2005) ‘The Complexity of Intersectionality’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 30(3): 1771–1800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Oldman, D. (1994) ‘Adult-Child Relations as Class Relations’, in Qvortrup et al., pp. 43–58.Google Scholar
  42. Olk, T. and H. Wintersberger (2007) ‘Welfare States and the Generational Order’, in H. Wintersberger, L. Alanen, T. Olk and J. Qvortrup, J. (eds), Childhood, Generational Order and the Welfare State: Exploring Children’s Social and Economic Welfare. Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark, pp. 59–90.Google Scholar
  43. Ollman, B. (2003) Dance of the Dialectic. Steps in Marx’s Methods. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  44. Pilcher, J. (1994) ‘Mannheim’s Sociology of Generations: an Undervalued Legacy’, British Journal of Sociology, 45(3): 481–495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Pilcher, J. (1995) Age and Generation in Modern Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Porpora, D.V. (1998) ‘Four Concepts of Social Structure’, in M. Archer, R. Bashkar, A. Collier, T. Lawson and A. Norrie (eds) Critical Realism. London: Routledge, pp. 339–355.Google Scholar
  47. Prout, A. (2002) ‘Researching Children as Social Actors: An Introduction to the Children 5–16 Programme’, Children & Society, 16(2): 67–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Punch, S. (2005) ‘The Generation of Power: A Comparison of Child-parent and Sibling Relations in Scotland’, in Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, 10. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 169–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Qvortrup, J. (1985) ‘Placing Children in the Division of Labour’, in P. Close and R. Collins (eds) Family and Economy in Modern Society. London: Macmillan, pp. 129–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Qvortrup, J. (1987) ‘The Sociology of Childhood. Introduction’, International Journal of Sociology, 17(3): 3–37.Google Scholar
  51. Qvortrup, J. (1994) ‘Childhood Matters: An Introduction’, in Qvortrup et al., 1994, pp. 1–23.Google Scholar
  52. Qvortrup, J. (1995) ‘From Useful to Useful: The Historical Continuity in Children’s Constructive Participation’, in Sociological Studies of Children 7. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 49–76.Google Scholar
  53. Qvortrup, J. (2000) ‘Macro-Analysis of Childhood’, in P. Christensen and A. James (eds) Research with Children: Perspectives and Practices. London: Falmer Press, 77–97.Google Scholar
  54. Qvortrup, J., M. Bardy, G.B. Sgritta and H. Wintersberger (eds) (1994) Childhood Matters. Social Theory, Practice and Politics. Aldershot: AveburyGoogle Scholar
  55. Sayer, A. (1992) Method in Social Science. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  56. Smith, D.E. (1988) The Everyday World as Problematic. A Feminist Sociology. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  57. Smith, D.E. (2005) Institutional Ethnography. a Sociology for People. Lanham: Altamira Press.Google Scholar
  58. Thorne, B. (1987) ‘Re-Visioning Women and Social Change: Where are the Children?’ Gender & Society, 1(1): 85–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Turner, B.S. (1999) Classical Sociology. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  60. Vanobbergen B. (2007) ‘“Soon He Will Boil over like a Kettle”: Visualizing the Invisible — the Representation of Hyperactivity in Women’s Magazines and Professional Journals for Teachers in Flanders (1965–2005)’, History of Education, 36(2): 173–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Waksler, F.C. (1986) ‘Studying Children: Phenomenological Insights.’ Human Studies, 9(1): 71–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Walby, S. (2007) ‘Complexity Theory, Systems Theory, and Multiple Intersecting Social Inequalities’, Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 37(4): 449–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Weber, M. (1968 [1922]) Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  64. Wintersberger, H. (1998) ‘Ökonomische Verhältnisse zwischen Generationen — Ein Beitrag zur Ökonomie der Kindheit.’ Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation, 18(1): 8–24.Google Scholar
  65. Wintersberger, H. (2005) ‘Work, Welfare and the Generational Order: Towards a Political Economy of Childhood’, in J. Qvortrup (ed.) Studies in Modern Childhood. Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 201–220.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Leena Alanen 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leena Alanen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations