‘Arbeit Macht Frei’: Work and Death in Concentration Camps and Ghettos

  • Steve Hochstadt
Part of the Documents in History book series (DH)


The documents in the previous section, mainly official German sources, displayed policy. This section and the next present many sources from Jewish eyewitnesses, and portray experience.


Human Dignity Concentration Camp Hiding Place Mass Murder Police Leader 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 55.
    Translated from copy in US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Record Group-04.015*01. A different translation appears in David A. Hackett (ed. and trans.), The Buchenwald Report (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995), pp. 171–2; I am indebted to him for information about this document.Google Scholar
  2. 62.
    Translated from a copy, provided by David A. Hackett, of the original page in Bericht über das Konzentrationslager Buchenwald bei Weimar, prepared after liberation of the camp, in April-May, 1945, by an intelligence team led by Albert G. Rosenberg from Psychological Warfare Division, SHAEF, with the collaboration of a committee of Buchenwald survivors. A different translation is in Hackett, The Buchenwald Report, pp. 226–7.Google Scholar
  3. 64.
    Translated from Hanna Lévy-Hass, Vielleicht war das alles erst der Anfang: Tagebuch aus dem KZ Bergen-Belsen 1944–1945, ed. Eike Geisel (Berlin: Rotbuch Verlag, 1979), pp. 54–6. A different translation, which does not closely follow the German text, can be found in Hanna Lévy-Hass, Inside Belsen, trans. Ronald Taylor (Brighton, UK: Harvester Press, 1982).Google Scholar
  4. 66.
    Translated from reprinted version in Erich Kosthorst and Bernd Walter, Konzentrations- und Strafgefangenenlager im Dritten Reich: Beispiel Emsland; Zusatzteil: Kriegsgefangenenlager (Düsseldorf: Droste Verlag, 1983), Vol. 1, pp. 442–7.Google Scholar

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  • Steve Hochstadt

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