Technology of Rivet: Adhesive Joints

  • Fabrizio MoroniEmail author
  • Alessandro Pirondi
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 6)


In general hybrid bonding allows to match together the properties of two different joining techniques, with the aim to obtain a joint with a better set of properties (that could involve strength, energy absorption at failure, cost, etc.) with respect to the simple joints. In the literature, several works dealing with the evaluation of the strength for this kind of joints and a global enhancement of the properties, in terms of static strength, fatigue strength and energy absorption are found. The first hybrid technique “discovered” was the weld bonding and therefore in the literature it is the most deeply analyzed. In terms of mechanical performance, weld-bonding is the hybrid joining technique where better result are obtained with respect to other hybrid joining techniques such as rivet bonding, clinch bonding, etc., but at the same time it is the most troublesome in terms of joint manufacturing (influence of the presence of the adhesive on the welding performance, weld compliant adhesive requirements, etc.). On the opposite, the hybrid techniques which combine adhesive with mechanical fastening (like rivet, clinching, self piercing riveting) give in general a lower enhancement of performance if compared with weld bonded joint, but certainly they are characterized by an easier and trouble less manufacturing. In this chapter, a brief introduction to the rivet bonding technology is given, dealing with why the hybrid joints are useful and which kind of industrial requirements this kind of joints are able to satisfy. Later on, the adhesive requirements are discussed with the aim to find the best adhesive for different purposes. One of the most important benefits of the rivet bonded joints is the ease of manufacture, therefore the way to produce rivet bonded joints is discussed, and a literature example is shown with the aim to emphasize the different manufacture procedure of rivet bonded joints when compared with traditional weld bonding techniques. In this case, a noticeable benefit in terms of manufacture cost is also shown with respect to traditional joining techniques. An example of the evaluation of the strength of rivet bonded joints (pop rivet and self piercing rivet) in comparison with the performances of simple riveted and simple bonded joint, is then given. It is shown how the performance of hybrid joints depend mostly on the strength of the adhesive bond, and that the rivet becomes relevant only when the adhesive performance decreases (i.e. when the service temperature is higher than the adhesive glass transition temperature for example) or in general when the adhesive fails. Finally, the failure mode is discussed for both pop rivet bonded and self piercing rivet bonded joints. The failure of a pop rivet bonded joint is simulated using appropriate damage models for the rivet and for the adhesive. In particular the parameters of the damage models are tuned by comparison with experiments performed on simple joints and they seem to be adequate for the simulation of the failure behaviour of rivet bonded joints.


Damage Model Spot Welding Joint Strength Cohesive Zone Model Ductile Damage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Akira, K.: A study for vehicle body weight reduction. Rivet-bonding between an aluminum alloy sheet and a steel sheet. In: Proceedings of JSAE Annual Congress (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bishopp J.: In: Cognard, Phillipe (ed.), Handbook of Adhesives and Sealants, Chap. 4, vol. 1, pp. 163–214. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Camanho, P.P., Matthews, F.L.: Stress analysis and strength prediction of mechanically fastened joints in FRP: a review. Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf. 28A(6), 529 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chan, W.S., Vedhagiri, S.: Analysis of composite bolted/bonded joints used in repairing. J. Compos. Mater. 35(12), 1045–61 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chu, C., Needleman, A.: Void nucleation effects in biaxially stretched sheets. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 102, 249 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Darwish, S.M.H., Ghanya, A.: Critical assessment of weld-bonded technologies. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 105, 221-229 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gomez, S., Onoro, J., Pecharromàn, J.: A simple mechanical model of a structural hybrid adhesive/riveted single lap joint. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 27, 263–267 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gurson, A.: Continuum theory of ductile rupture by void nucleation and growth, 1. Yield criteria and flow rules for porous ductile media. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. 99, 2 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Haraga, K., Taguchi, K., Yoda, K., Nakashim, Y.: Assembly technique for control panel enclosures with the combined use of adhesive and rivets and the reduction of energy consumption. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 23, 371–376 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hillerborg, A., Modeer, M., Petersson, P.E.: Analysis of crack formation and crack growth in concrete by means of fracture mechanics and finite elements. Cem. Concr. Res. 6, 773 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hooputra, H., Gese, H., Dell, H., Werner, H.: A comprehensive failure model for crashworthiness simulation of aluminium extrusions. Int. J. Crashworthiness 9, 449 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kweon, J.H., Jung, J.W., Kim, T.H., Choi, J.H., Kim, D.H.: Failure of carbon composite to aluminum joints with combined mechanical fastening and adhesive bonding. Compos. Struct. 75, 192–198 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Moroni, F., Pirondi, A., Kleiner, F.: Experimental analysis and comparison of the strength of simple and hybrid structural joints. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 30, 367–379 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Moroni, F.: Testing and modeling of the strength of structural hybrid joints. PhD Thesis, University of Parma (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pirondi, A., Moroni, F.: Clinch-bonded and rivet-bonded hybrid joints: application of damage models for simulation of forming and failure. J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. 23, 1547–1574 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rice, J., Tracey, D.: On the ductile enlargement of voids in triaxial stress fields. J. Mech. Phys. Solids 17, 201 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tvergaard, V.: Influence of voids on shear band instabilities under plane strain conditions. Int. J. Fracture 17, 389 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tvergaard, V., Needleman, A.: Analysis of the cup-cone fracture in a round tensile bar. Acta Metall. 32, 157 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wingfield, J.R.J.: Treatment of composite surfaces for adhesive bonding. Int. J. Adhes. Adhes. 13-3, 151–156 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Volkersen, O.: Die nietkraftverteilung in zugbeanspruchten Nietverbindungen mit konstanten laschenquerschnitten. Luftfahrtforschung 15, 41 (1938)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wegman, R.F.: Surface Preparation Techniques for Adhesive Bonding. William Andrew Publishing, Norwich (2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria IndustrialeUniversità degli Studi di ParmaParmaItaly

Personalised recommendations