Photorhabdus luminescens Toxins TccC3 and TccC5: Insecticidal ADP-Ribosyltransferases that Modify Threonine and Glutamine
The ADP-ribosyltransferases TccC3 and TccC5 are the biologically active TcC components of the tripartite Photorhabdus luminescens Tc toxin, which consist of TcA, TcB, and TcC components. TcA is the binding and membrane translocation component. TcB is a functional linker between TcC and TcA and also involved in the translocation of the toxin. While TccC3 ADP-ribosylates actin at threonine 148, TccC5 modifies Rho proteins at glutamine 61/63. Both modifications result in major alteration of the actin cytoskeleton. Here we discuss structure and function of the Tc toxin and compare its ADP-ribosyltransferase activities with other types of actin and Rho modifying toxins.
KeywordsActin Cytoskeleton Diphtheria Toxin Yersinia Enterocolitica Stress Fiber Formation Filopodium Formation
This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Center for Biological Signaling Studies (BIOSS) in Freiburg (Germany).
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