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Function and Regulation of the Mono-ADP-Ribosyltransferase ARTD10

  • Max Kaufmann
  • Karla L. H. Feijs
  • Bernhard Lüscher
Chapter
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 384)

Abstract

The transfer of ADP-ribose from NAD+ to a substrate by ADP-ribosyltransferases, ADP-ribosylation, is a multifunctional posttranslational modification. While many studies have addressed the function of poly-ADP-ribosylation, for example, in DNA repair, signaling, and gene transcription, little is known about the role of mono-ADP-ribosylation. Recent work describing the mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase ARTD10/PARP10 suggests that this enzyme affects apoptosis, NF-κB signaling, and DNA damage repair, at least in part dependent on its activity as mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase. Moreover, the macrodomain-containing proteins MacroD1, MacroD2, and TARG1/C6orf130 were recently described as hydrolases, which remove mono-ADP-ribosylation thus providing evidence that this modification is reversible. In this review, we discuss these novel findings and their broader implications for cell behavior. We suggest functions of ARTD10 in immunity, metabolism, and cancer biology.

Keywords

Newcastle Disease Virus Nuclear Localization Sequence Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus APOB Gene Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ADAR

Adenosine deaminases acting on RNA

APOB

Apolipoprotein B

ARTC

ADP-ribosyltransferases Cholera toxin-like

ARTD

ADP-ribosyltransferase Diphtheria toxin-like

GSK3β

Glycogen synthase kinase 3β

IFN

Interferon

MEFs

Mouse embryo fibroblasts

NES

Nuclear export sequence

NLS

Nuclear localization sequence

PIP

PCNA-interacting peptide

PTM

Posttranslational modification

RRM

RNA recognition motif

SNP

Single nucleotide polymorphism

UIM

Ubiquitin interaction motif

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Andrew Jefferson for editing the manuscript. The work in our laboratory was supported by a Mildred Scheel Stipend of the German Cancer Aid (to MK), the START program of the Medical School of the RWTH Aachen University, and by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (to BL).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max Kaufmann
    • 1
  • Karla L. H. Feijs
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bernhard Lüscher
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Sir William Dunn School of PathologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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