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Covalent Polymers Containing Discrete Heterocyclic Anion Receptors

  • Brett M. Rambo
  • Eric S. Silver
  • Christopher W. BielawskiEmail author
  • Jonathan L. SesslerEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry book series (TOPICS, volume 24)

Abstract

This chapter covers recent advances in the development of polymeric materials containing discrete heterocyclic anion receptors, and focuses on advances in anion binding and chemosensor chemistry. The development of polymers specific for anionic species is a relatively new and flourishing area of materials chemistry. The incorporation of heterocyclic receptors capable of complexing anions through noncovalent interactions (e.g., hydrogen bonding and electrostatic interactions) provides a route to not only sensitive but also selective polymeric materials. Furthermore, these systems have been utilized in the development of polymers capable of extracting anionic species from aqueous media. These latter materials may lead to advances in water purification and treatment of diseases resulting from surplus ions.

Keywords

Anion complexation Molecular receptors Polymers Sensing 

Abbreviations

AIBN

2,2′-Azoisobutyronitrile

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate

BSA

Bovine serum albumin

CTAB

Cetyltriethylammonium bromide

CV

Cyclic voltammetry

DIQ

Diindolylquinoxaline

DMF

Dimethylformamide

DPQ

Dipyrrolylquinoxaline

DPV

Differential pulse voltammetry

ESIPT

Excited-state intramolecular proton transfer

GMP

Guanosine monophosphate

GPC

Gel permeation chromatography

HEPES

(4-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid

IL

Ionic liquid

IPT

Intermolecular-proton transfer

ISE

Ion-selective electrode

MeCN

Acetonitrile

MeOH

Methanol

nbd

Norbornadiene

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

PCA

Principal component analysis

PDI

Polydispersity index

PET

Photo-induced electron transfer

PLAS

Plasma-like aqueous solution

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PPA

Polyphenylacetylene

PVC

Polyvinyl chloride

SBS

Polystyrene-block-polybutadiene-block-polystyrene

SCE

Standard calomel electrode

TBA

Tetrabutylammonium

TEA

Triethylamine

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Institute of Health (grant GM 58907 to J.L.S.) and the Robert A. Welch Foundation (grants F-1018 and F-1621 to J.L.S. and C.W.B., respectively).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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