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Volatile Dimethylsiloxanes in Aquatic Systems

  • Josep Sanchís
  • Marinella FarréEmail author
Chapter
  • 62 Downloads
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 89)

Abstract

Volatile methylsiloxanes are high-volume synthetic chemicals that are included in a plethora of domestic and industrial formulations. Because of their widespread use, these organosilicon molecules are emitted to the environment and reach the aquatic systems, where they may cause potential adverse effects to some aquatic organisms. The study of the occurrence and fate of volatile methylsiloxanes in the aquatic media has progressed considerably during the last years thanks to the development of new analytical methods, which decrease the limits of detection substantially while minimising and stabilising the contamination levels of the blank assays. The present chapter briefly reviews the most relevant analytical strategies that have been developed for the analysis of volatile methylsiloxanes in the aquatic environment, with a focus in water matrices, sediments and biota. The behaviour and fate of cyclic and linear methylsiloxanes in the aquatic environment are summarised, as well as the levels at which these compounds have been reported.

Keywords

Analytical methods Aquatic systems Occurrence Volatile methylsiloxanes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the project NANO-transfer (ERA-NET SIINN PCIN-2015-182-CO2-02) and by the Catalan Government (Consolidated Research Group “2017 SGR 1404 – Water and Soil Quality Unit”).

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC)BarcelonaSpain

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