Update, Conclusions, and Recommendations of Egyptian Coastal Lakes: Characteristics and Hydrodynamics

  • M. A. Bek
  • Abdelazim M. NegmEmail author
  • Sommer Abdel-Fattah
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 71)


This chapter aims to provide a summary of the major conclusions and recommendations presented in this volume. It provides a brief conclusion and recommendations for lakes’ better management. Also, it contains some findings from the few recently published work related to the Egyptian coastal lakes. The chapter contains the main background of the Egyptian coastal northern lakes’ physical, chemical, and biological properties. These lakes include Bardawil, Manzala, Burullus, Edku, and Mariout. Moreover, a set of recommendations for future research work is extracted to direct the researcher community toward sustainability of the lake’s ecosystem.


Bardawil Burullus Current status Edku Egyptian coastal lakes Future Management Manzala Mariout Modeling 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. A. Bek
    • 1
  • Abdelazim M. Negm
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sommer Abdel-Fattah
    • 3
  1. 1.Physics and Engineering Mathematics Department, Faculty of EngineeringTanta UniversityTantaEgypt
  2. 2.Water and Water Structures Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  3. 3.McMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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