Sediment Contaminants in Northern Egyptian Coastal Lakes

  • L. I. MohamedeinEmail author
  • M. A. El-Sawy
  • M. A. Bek
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 71)


Mariout, Edku, Burullus, El-Manzala, and Bardawil lakes are the five northern lakes connected to the Mediterranean Sea. They suffer from different types of serious problems because they receive contaminants from drains. Consequently, those lakes are under increasing threat from eutrophication, pollution, and destruction of surrounding wetlands. Sediments of lakes deposit small particles because of the relatively unmoving waters in them. Sediments in these lakes are considered to be the sink of these different contaminants. The inorganic contaminants like heavy metals had been determined in the sediments of the lakes. The organic contaminants like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are found to bind strongly to sediments. In Lake El-Manzala, Hg showed the highest values and alarming toxicity levels, and it is considered as one of the most hazardous. Lakes Burullus, Edku, and Bardawil recorded highest values of some heavy metals, while Lake Mariout got the highest ranged values for the organic contaminants. Continuing observing and monitoring of northern lakes is very important to resolve the existing contamination problems and to avoid its complication in the future.


Biodiversity Contaminant Drain Egyptian Heavy metals Lakes Northern Sedimentations 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. I. Mohamedein
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. A. El-Sawy
    • 2
  • M. A. Bek
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Laboratory of Marine Pollution, Marine Environment DepartmentNational Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF)SuezEgypt
  2. 2.Laboratory of Marine Chemistry, Marine Environment DepartmentNational Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF)SuezEgypt
  3. 3.School for Marine Science and TechnologyUniversity of Massachusetts-DartmouthNew BedfordUSA
  4. 4.Physics and Engineering Mathematics Department, Faculty of EngineeringTanta UniversityTantaEgypt

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