Modified Cathodes with Carbon-Based Nanomaterials for Electro-Fenton Process

  • Alireza KhataeeEmail author
  • Aliyeh Hasanzadeh
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 61)


Electro-Fenton (EF) process is based on the continuous in situ production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by a two-electron reduction of oxygen on cathode and the addition of ferrous ion to generate hydroxyl radical (OH) at the solution through Fenton’s reaction in acidic condition. Hence, cathode material has prominent effects on the H2O2 electro-generation efficiency and regeneration of ferrous ion. Carbonaceous materials are applied as suitable cathode in virtue of being highly conductive, stable, nontoxic, and commercially available. Besides, modification of cathode electrode with carbon-based nanomaterials (e.g., carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene, mesoporous carbon) can improve the electroactive surface area and the rate of oxygen mass transfer to the electrode, which increases the H2O2 electro-generation in the EF process. This chapter is to summarize the recent progress and advances in the modification of cathode electrode with carbon-based nanomaterials for EF process. The ability of different carbon-based nanomaterials to electro-generate H2O2 and degradation of pollutants is also discussed briefly.


Carbon nanomaterials Carbon nanotubes Electro-Fenton Graphene Graphene oxide Hydrogen peroxide Mesoporous carbon Reduced graphene oxide 



Activated carbon fiber


Anthraquinone monosulfonate


Boron-doped diamond


Carbon felt


Carbon nanotube


Cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide


3-(Trimethoxysilylpropyl) diethylenetriamine




Electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide


Gas diffusion electrode


Graphene oxide


Hierarchically porous carbon


Metal-organic framework


Multiwalled carbon nanotubes


Ordered mesoporous carbons




Reduced graphene oxide

Rh B

Rhodamine B


Reticulated vitreous carbon


Scanning electron microscopy


Single-walled nanotubes


Transmission electron microscopy


Total organic carbon



The authors thank the University of Tabriz (Iran) for all the support provided. We also acknowledge the support of Iran Science Elites Federation.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Laboratory of Advanced Water and Wastewater Treatment Processes, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran

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