Advances in Carbon Felt Material for Electro-Fenton Process

  • Thi Xuan Huong Le
  • Mikhael BechelanyEmail author
  • Marc CretinEmail author
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 61)


In electro-Fenton process, carbon-based materials, particularly 3D carbon felt, are the best choices for the cathodic electrodes because of several advantages such as low cost, excellent electrolytic efficiency, high surface area, and porosity. In this chapter, various aspects of this material are discussed in detail. This chapter is divided into three main sections, including (1) characterization of carbon felt (CF), (2) modification of CF, and (3) application of CF in electro-Fenton (EF) process to remove biorefractory pollutants. First of all, the typical characteristics of CF such as morphology, porosity, and conductivity are discussed. Next, in the modification section, we introduce different methods to improve the performance of CF. We especially focus on the surface area and electrochemical activity toward electrodes applications. Finally, both modified and non-modified CF is used as cathode materials for EF systems like homogeneous, heterogeneous, hybrid, or pilot-scale types.


Carbon felt Conductivity Electrochemical activity Electro-Fenton process Hydrogen peroxide production Modification Surface area 



4-Amino-3-hydroxy-2-p-tolylazo-naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid


Atomic Layer Deposition


Acid orange 7


Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet




Boron-doped diamond




Carbon felt


Carbon nanotube


Cetyl trimethylammonium bromide


Cyclic voltammogram


Chemical vapor deposition




N,N-dimethyl formamide

DO 61

Direct orange 61


Energy efficiency






Electrophoretic deposition


Iron alginate gel beads


Graphite felt


Graphene oxide


Layered double hydroxide


Mineralization current efficiency


Microbial fuel cell


Methyl orange




Oxygen reduction reaction


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon


PolyAcryloNitrile-Carbon Felt


Polyacrylonitrile-graphite felt




Prussian blue




Proton Exchange Membrane


Persistent Organic Pollutant






Reduced graphene oxide


Residence Time Distribution


Saturated calomel electrode


Scanning Electron Microscopy


Solar Photo-electro-Fenton


Single-walled carbon nanotube


Total organic carbon


Thermal treatment


Vanadium redox flow battery


X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy


Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework


Zeolite-modified electrode


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Européen des membranes (IEM UMR-5635, ENSCM, CNRS)Université de MontpellierMontpellier Cedex 5France

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