River and Wetland Restoration in Greece: Lessons from Biodiversity Conservation Initiatives

Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 59)


Rivers in Greece have seen extensive human-induced degradation, and there are increasing demands on the goods and services they provide along with increasing threats from future anthropogenic pressures. These multi-scale alterations to rivers and associated wetlands and riparian zones have severely impacted biodiversity. The Greek government has responded by creating various new protected areas and promoting interest in conservation, while attention to monitoring waters has increased with the implementation of the EU WFD. Unfortunately, bioassessment-based monitoring, long-term conservation programmes and restoration actions in rivers have lagged behind other EU countries. Here we outline the state of river and wetland restoration progress; we describe key restoration examples and discuss shortcomings, pitfalls and opportunities in various aspects of restoration.


Biodiversity conservation Environmental history Restoration Rivers Wetlands 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters, Hellenic Centre for Marine ResearchAnavissosGreece

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