pp 1-14 | Cite as

Impact of Water and Energy Problems on the Economic Development of Uzbekistan

Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series

Abstract

The article addresses Uzbekistan’s water and hydropower potential inasmuch as it concerns satisfaction of the population’s basic needs, food security, and development of the country’s economy. Besides, the author analyzes Uzbekistan’s interaction with Central Asia’s countries in the spheres of the use of transboundary streams and restoration of the region’s common integrated power transmission system. Special attention is paid to the water-related legislation and programs of development of hydropower land improvement, irrigation, and hydropower sector as such. The author reviews steps taken in 2013–2017 in order to upgrade and expand the country’s irrigation and land improvement systems, as well as its hydropower sector.

Keywords

Hydropower development programs Hydropower potential Irrigation farming River discharge Transboundary water Water use Water use legislation, Uzbekistan, Central Asia 

References

  1. 1.
    Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Water and Water Use. Collection of Laws of the Repuinov Sh, Mukhamedzhanov Sh, Sokolov V, Sorokin D, Stulina G, Eshchanov O, Yakubov Sh (2017) Irrigated farming in Uzbekistan: are there enough water reserves for sustained development? Scholarship and Information Center of the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia [NITS MKVK], Tashkent, p 3Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mironenkov A, Sarsembekov T (2005) Development of hydropower resources of central Asia. Ind Weekly 18:12. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Uzbekistan’s internal waterbodies and water resources (2016) http://geografiya.uz/fizicheskaya-geografiya-uzbekistana/9998-vnutrennie-vody-i-vodnye-resursy-uzbekistana.html. (In Russian)
  4. 4.
    Scientists discussed the importance of groundwater. https://www.gazeta.uz/ru/2011/10/19/water. (In Russian)
  5. 5.
    Directive of the President of Uzbekistan No. ΠΠ-2954 on Measures to Streamline Control and Accounting of Groundwater Resources in 2017–2021 (2017) Adopted on May 4, 2017. Became effective on May 6, 2017. Collection of Laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan 19(336), pp 171–199. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Renewable sources of energy in Uzbekistan. http://led-ca.net/vozobnovlyaemyie-istochniki-energii?v_country=uz. (In Russian)
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
    Budnevich I (2017) Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a directive establishing the Uzbekgidroenergo company. Sputnik. http://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/economy/20170519/5444559/mirzieev-podpisal-ukaz-o-sozdanii-uzbekgidroenergo.html. (In Russian)
  9. 9.
    Bukhari-zade N (2015) Water resources in central Asia: dependent independence. http://www.fergananews.com/articles/8589. (In Russian)
  10. 10.
    Dadabaeva ZA, Kuzmina EM (2014) Processes of regionalization in central Asia: problems and conflicts: an academic paper. Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Economics, Moscow. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kamilov A (2017) Tashkent does not object to the construction of the Rogun Dam. Radio Ozodi. https://rus.ozodi.org/a/28597700.html. (In Russian)
  12. 12.
    Shystov A (2017) Central Asia’s energy hub: Kazakhstan or Uzbekistan? Eurasia Expert. http://eurasia.expert/energokhab-tsentralnoy-azii-kazakhstan-ili-uzbekistan/. (In Russian)
  13. 13.
    Shystov A. Is Uzbekistan poised to become Central Asia’s energy hub? http://eurasia.expert/stanet-li-uzbekistan-energokhabom-sredney-azii/. (In Russian)
  14. 14.
    Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Water and Water Use (2016) Collection of Laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 52, p 597. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Directive of the President of Uzbekistan No. ΠΠ-2954 on Measures to Streamline Control and Accounting of Efficient Use of Groundwater Resources in 2017–2021 (2017) Collection of Laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan 19(336), pp 171–199. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Economy and agriculture of Uzbekistan (2016) Svetich News Agency. http://svetich.info/publikacii/opyt-mirovogo-zemledelija/yekonomika-i-selskoe-hozjaistvo-uzbekist.html. (In Russian)
  17. 17.
    Khamraev S, Dukhovny V, Gozhenko B, Kenzhabaev S, Masumov R, Mirzaev N, Muminov S, Mukhamedzhanov S, Sokolov V, Sorokin D, Stulina G, Eshchanov O, Yakubov S (2017) Irrigated farming in Uzbekistan: are there enough water reserves for sustained development? Scholarship and Information Center of the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia [NITS MKVK], Tashkent, p 10. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Directive of the President of Uzbekistan, April 19, 2013, No. ΠΠ–1958 on Measures to Further Improve the Condition of Irrigated Lands and Efficiently Use Water Resources in 2013–2017 (2013) Collection of Laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan 17(569), pp 106–124. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Press conference of the Uzbek Ministry of Agriculture and Water (2017) Construction and reconstruction of hydrotechnical structures as a criterion of efficient use of water resources. http://agro.uz/ru/news/releases/8343/. (In Russian)
  20. 20.
    New objectives for the Ministry of Agriculture and Water. https://www.gazeta.uz/ru/2017/08/05/agriculture/. (In Russian)
  21. 21.
    Uzbekistan allocates 4.3 billion USD for hydropower sector (2017) http://www.stanradar.com/news/full/25447-uzbekistan-vydeljaet-43-mlrd-na-gidroenergetiku.html. (In Russian)
  22. 22.
    How water becomes light: Uzbekistan’s hydropower sector (2017) http://ru.sputniknews-uz.com/infographics/20170522/5458608/energetika-GES-programma.html. (In Russian)
  23. 23.
    Uzbekistan allocates 4.3 billion USD on hydropower infrastructure (2017) http://www.stanradar.com/news/full/25447-uzbekistan-vydeljaet-43-mlrd-na-gidroenergetiku.html. (In Russian)
  24. 24.
    Kattakhodzhaev Sh, Osmanova D, Sulaimanova S, Tulyakova R. Introduction of small-scale hydropower infrastructure in Uzbekistan. The present and the future. https://anhor.uz/ekologiya/vnedrenie-maloy-gidroenergetiki-v-uzbekistane.-sovremennosty-i-perspektivi. (In Russian)
  25. 25.
    Directive of the President of Uzbekistan No. ΠΠ-2972 on Organizing JSC Uzbekgidroenergo (2017) Collection of Laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan 25(549), pp 603–606. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Order of the President of Uzbekistan No. УΠ-5044, issued on May 18, 2017, on Establishing JSC Uzbekgidroenergo (2017) Collection of Laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan 21(378), pp 220–223. (In Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Russian Academy of Sciences, Primakov Institute of World Economy and International RelationsMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations