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Photo(Catalytic) Oxidation Processes for the Removal of Natural Organic Matter and Contaminants of Emerging Concern from Water

  • Monica Brienza
  • Can Burak Özkal
  • Gianluca Li Puma
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series

Abstract

Natural organic matter (NOM) is a heterogeneous complex of organic materials and is ubiquitous in natural aquatic systems. The amount of NOM in the environment is continuously increasing because of global warming and/or changes in precipitation patterns and has negative impact on drinking water as it produces an undesirable colour and as a vector for the introduction of contaminants. For these reasons, several technologies have been proposed to address the impact of NOM in aqueous systems. Among these, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) refer to oxidation processes that result in the formation of highly reactive radical species. This chapter presents an overview of recent research studies dealing with photon-activated AOPs for the removal of NOM and emerging contaminants in water.

Keywords

Advanced oxidation processes Degradation Energy efficiency NOM Water pollutants 

Abbreviations

AOPs

Advanced oxidation processes

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

DBPs

Disinfection by-products

DOC

Dissolved organic carbon

DOM

Dissolved organic matter

ECs

Emerging contaminants

EDCs

Endocrine-disrupting compounds

EEO

Electrical energy per order

FA

Fulvic acid

Fe2+/H2O2

Fenton

GAC

Granular activated carbon

H2O2

Hydrogen peroxide

HA

Humic acid

IC

Inorganic carbon

NOM

Normal organic matter

O3/H2O2

Peroxone

O3/UV

Ozonation

PPCPs

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products

ROS

Radical oxygen species

TCE

Trichloroethylene

THMFP

Trihalomethanes formation potential

TOC

Total organic carbon

US

Ultrasound

UV254

Ultraviolet absorbance at 254 nm

UWW

Urban wastewater

VCOCs

Volatile chlorinated organic carbons

VUV

Vacuum UV

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monica Brienza
    • 1
  • Can Burak Özkal
    • 1
  • Gianluca Li Puma
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Namik Kemal UniversityTekirdağTurkey

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