Changes in a Coastal Lake Dynamic System and Potential Restoration

  • Hala AbayazidEmail author
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 72)


Northern coastal zone of Egypt hosts lakes with distinguished characteristics. Earlier, certain coastal lakes were acknowledged as nature reserve, with their rich aquatic environment as well as playing a hosting role to migratory birds. However, maintained conditions with ever-expanding development activities are a challenge. This chapter addresses aspects in the changing structure of coastal lakes; governing factors responsible for the declining dynamic system. Hence, challenges with sustainability and capacity to recover are discussed. As remote sensing techniques proved cost-effective tool, with reasonable accuracy, for monitoring temporal and spatial changes, an application is presented to a case study of the deltaic coastal lake, Lake Burullus. Among the wide information that can be derived from satellite imageries, water quality index is selected as a key indicator to gain insight into evolving environmental state of the coastal lake. Finally, the chapter discusses proposed strategies to regain efficient functionality and sustainable beneficial uses of coastal lakes, while considering applicability.


Coastal lake Dynamic system Egypt Hydrodynamics Remote sensing Restoration Water quality index 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Coastal Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Ministry of Water Resources and IrrigationAlexandriaEgypt

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