Socio-Economics and Governance of Water Resources in the Souss-Massa River Basin

  • Haddouch MohaEmail author
  • Elame Fouad
  • Abahou Houria
  • Choukr-Allah Redouane
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 53)


This chapter introduces the water resources management in the Souss-Massa basin from socio-economic and institutional points of view. This basin is very important providing most of the Moroccan agricultural exports and covers more than 10 months of the food system needs in the country. However, the basin faces growing recurrent droughts exacerbated by climate change.

Moreover, agriculture intensification based on the intensive use of irrigation decreases the groundwater potential and makes the water resources limited and thus more expensive to extract. Therefore, all development activities will be constrained by the scarcity of water resources in the area if no appropriate institutional and management strategies are applied.

The first part of this chapter focuses on the Souss-Massa economic potential in relation to water availability. The second part describes water supply management and governance taking into account adaptation to climate change. The third part suggests a new paradigm based on the ecosystem service approach to support the sustainable decision system addressing water scarcity issues. A special emphasis will be put on the Guerdan and Chtouka perimeters and some relevant innovative solutions to mainstream ecosystem services into macroeconomic policies. The last part will discuss the institutional aspects of water management and finally some of the key conclusions and the way forward.


Ecosystem services Environmental scarcity Socio-economic Souss-Massa Water resources 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haddouch Moha
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elame Fouad
    • 2
  • Abahou Houria
    • 3
  • Choukr-Allah Redouane
    • 4
  1. 1.Coordonnateur National du Projet EC_SMDAgadirMorocco
  2. 2.Institut National de la Recherche AgronomiqueAgadirMorocco
  3. 3.Laboratory of Applied Geology and Geo-EnvironmentIbn Zohr UniversityAgadirMorocco
  4. 4.Agronomy and Veterinary Institute Hassan IIAgadirMorocco

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