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Macroinvertebrate Assemblages and Biological Status of Rivers in Northern and Central Greece

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Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 59)

Abstract

This paper investigates the benthic macroinvertebrate fauna of the northern and central rivers of Greece and their use in the assessment of the biological/ecological conditions of water bodies towards the fulfilment of the Water Framework Directive for good ecological status/potential by the end of 2015. The macrozoobenthos from reference or moderately disturbed sites did not significantly differ as to their richness, diversity and sensitivity among sites. Altitude, among other environmental parameters, was the differentiating parameter according to the canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) of the structure/composition of benthic macroinvertebrates. Seasonality exists in high- and low-altitude reference sites for sensitive to organic pollution taxa. The results of the STAR_ICMi and HESY indices coincided totally when the ecological quality was below good. More than 70% of the sites were characterised as of lower than good ecological status/potential. According to HESY, water quality varied according to the altitude from upstream to downstream sites (pollution gradient). The application of operational monitoring or continuous programme of measures is needed for most of the basins in order to meet the environmental objectives and the risk management (IMPRESS analysis) according to the WFD. Finally, the DPSIR framework shows that the ‘drivers’ agriculture, livestock and sewage untreated effluents cause the deterioration of the ecological quality of water and habitat degradation (‘state’).

Keywords

DPSIR Greece IMPRESS Macroinvertebrates River subbasin/basin 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper comprises case studies completed during the past 21 years, which were performed by members/students of the Laboratory of Zoology, School of Biology and the Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Programme at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki entitled ‘Ecological Quality and Management at a basin level’, funded in some cases by national or European sources (http://users.auth.gr/~mlazarid/eng/eng_index.htm).

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Zoology, Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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