Pipeline Architecture of the Black Sea–Caspian Sea Region: Geographical and Political Issues

  • Igor S. ZonnEmail author
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 51)


The modern pipeline architecture of the Black Sea–Caspian Sea region started shaping in late 1991 when after the breakup of the USSR the new independent states appeared on the coast of the Black and Caspian seas: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan, on the Caspian, and Ukraine and Georgia, on the Black Sea. And immediately they became the focus of attention of the leading world countries and oil and gas companies seeking implementation of new pipeline projects for hydrocarbon transit to the foreign markets.


Hydrocarbon resources Pipelines The Black Sea The Caspian 


  1. 1.
    Dzhuvarly TC (2001) Azerbaijan oil: search for the resultant. Society and State/Letny Sad, Azerbaijan and Russia, pp 379–434 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Voytolovsky GK, Kosolapov NA (1999) Peculiarities of the geopolitical situation in the Caspian Region. Europe and Russia: problems of the Southern Direction. Mediterranean – Black Sea – Caspian. Interdialekt, Moscow, pp 307–323 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kulagina LM, Dunaeva EV (1998) Russia–Iranian border (history of formation). Institute of Oriental Studies, RAS, Moscow, p 69 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Roberts J (1996) Caspian pipelines. The Royal Institute of International Affairs, London, p 84Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Research Production Center for Water Management, Land Reclamation and Ecology “Soyuzvodproject”MoscowRussia
  2. 2.S.Yu. Witte Moscow UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations