Iranian Direction of Hydrocarbon Transport: Present State and Difficulties

  • Igor S. ZonnEmail author
  • Aleksander V. Semenov
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 51)


After USSR breakdown, the Caspian countries, primarily Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, focused much attention on the hydrocarbon transportation to Iran. And plenty of projects on the construction of pipelines across the Iranian territory were developed. But due to complications in the relations between Iran and Western countries, only a few of them was implemented. As a result, Iran’s participation in resolving the issues of Caspian hydrocarbon transportation was rather limited. Nevertheless, the most advantageous geographical location of Iran still draws to this country great attention on the part of the Caspian countries.


Hydrocarbons Pipelines SWAP operation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Research Production Center for Water Management, Land Reclamation and Ecology “Soyuzvodproject”MoscowRussia
  2. 2.S.Yu. Witte Moscow UniversityMoscowRussia

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